TUGHLUQS DYNASTY

Saturday, December 3rd, 2011

6- DELHI SULTANATE

(Northern India)

c-TUGHLUQS DYNASTY

AD 1320-1413 / AH 720-815 (95 YEARS)

DELHI SULTANATE-TUGHLUQ

The names of those sultans for whom coins are known ( * coin in collection)

1- * Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq AH 720–725 / AD 1320–1325

2- * Fakhr al-Dīn Muhammad bin Tughluq AH 725–752 / AD 1325–1351

3- Ghiyāth al-Dīn Mahmud bin Muhammad AH 752 / AD 1351

4- * Firuz Tughluq AH 752–790 / AD 1351–1388

5- Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq II AH 790–791 / AD 1388–1389

6- * Firuz Shah Zafar AH 791 / AD 1389

7- Abu Bakr AH 791–792 / AD 1389–1390

8- * Muhammad bin Fīrūz AH 792–795 / AD 1390–1393

9- Alā’ al-Dīn Sikandar AH 795 / AD 1393

10- Nasir al-Dīn Mahmud AH 795–815 / AD 1393–1413

11- Nusrat Shah AH 797–802? / AD 1395–1399?

12- Iqbal Khan AH 804–808 / AD 1401–1405

NOTE: In AH 760, Firuz III made his son, * Fath Khan  viceroy of the eastern territories(At JAUNPUR)of the sultanate and allowed him to strike coins in his own name

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Tughluq Empire

GHIYAS-UD-DIN TUGHLUQ-I 

Actual name: Ghazi Malik Tughluq

Founder of Tughluq Dynasty.

Born: Probably a Turco-Mongol Kara- wana.
Father: Tughluq, a slave of Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din Balban.
Enthroned: 26 August 1320.

Died: March 1325, when the pavilion his son had built to welcome him collapsed.

Buried: In the mausoleum he built at Tughluqabad, Delhi.

When the last king, Mahmud Shah was enthroned, the family member and noble of sultanate started quarrel between them. Mahmud died in A.D 1413 (A.H 815) and with him ended the Tughluq dynasty. The nobles of the court offered the throne to Daulat Khan Lodi, but Khizr Khan received increasing support , Khizr Khan took possession of Delhi and founded the dynasty known as the Sayyids in A.H 817 (A.D 1414)

(1) GHIYAS-UD-DIN TUGHLUQ-I

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Tughluq Shah-I /Coin-1

Ruler : Tughluq Shah-I

Period : A.H 720-725 / A.D 1320-1325

Denomination: 4 GANI,         Metal: Billon

Reference: Abu al-muzaffar type, Rajgor 1071, 1079,  Goron-D.311, 3.6 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Tughluq Shah-I /Coin-2

Ruler : Tughluq Shah-I

Period : A.H 720-725 / A.D 1320-1325

Denomination: PAIKA,       Metal: Copper

Reference: As sultan al-ghazi type, Rajgor 1072,  Goron-D.313, 4 g

Rarity : RARE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Tughluq Shah-I /Coin-2A

Ruler : Tughluq Shah-I

Period : A.H 720-725 / A.D 1320-1325

Denomination: Adli (1/2 PAIKA ?)         Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron-D.315, 2 g , Qila Deovgir

Rarity : VERY RARE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Tughluq Shah-I /Coin-3

Ruler : Tughluq Shah-I

Period : A.H 720-725 / A.D 1320-1325

Denomination: PAIKA of 40 rati,        Metal: Copper

Reference: Al-sultan al-azam type, Rajgor 929, 1073,  Gron-D.167 4..5 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Tughluq Shah-I /Coin-4

Ruler : Tughluq Shah-I

Period : A.H 720-725 / A.D 1320-1325

Denomination: GANI,        Metal: Billon

Reference: Bi-lingual type, Rajgor 1080, Goron-D.312, 3.6 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Tughluq Shah-I /Coin-6

Ruler : Tughluq Shah-I

Period : A.H 720-725 / A.D 1320-

Denomination: ADLI (HALF PAIKA)        Metal: Copper

Reference: Adl Ghayasi type, Rajgor 1077, Goron-D.316, 2.3 g,

Rarity : VERY RARE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Tughluq Shah-I /Coin-7

Ruler : Tughluq Shah-I

Period : A.H 720-725 / A.D 1320-

Denomination: 4 GANI,         Metal: Billon

Reference: Abu al-muzaffar type, Rajgor 1071, 1079,  Goron-D.311, 3.6 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Tughluq Shah-I /Coin-8

Ruler : Tughluq Shah-I

Period : A.H 720-725 / A.D 1320-

Denomination: GANI,          Metal: Copper

Reference: Tughluq Shah (continuous, Variety)

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Tughluq Shah-I /Coin-9

Ruler : Tughluq Shah-I

Period : A.H 720-725 / A.D 1320-

Mint: DELHI

Denomination: TANKA,      Metal: Silver

Reference: Rajgor 1083, Goron-D.306, Hadrat Delhi,  10.8-11.0 g

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Fakhr-ud-din Muhammad-III

bin Tughluq Shah

Name: Malik Jauna

Title: Alagh Khan

Born: 1300.

Father: Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq-I
Enthroned: 20 March 1325 at Thatta, Sind,

Died: In his bed, in 20 March 1351

Buried: In his father’s mausoleum at Tughluqabad, Delhi

(2) FAKHR-UD-DIN MUHAMMAD-III

bin TUGHLUQ SHAH

(S/o Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq-I )

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-1

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: PAIKA        Metal: Copper

Reference: Muhammad/Tughluq Shah type, Rajgor 1112,  Goron-D.396, 3-3.3g

Rarity : SCARCE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-2

Ruler : Muhammad binTughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: PAIKA,        Metal: Copper

Reference: Rabbi hasabi type, Rajgor 1114, Goron-D-394, 3.6 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-3

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: 2 GANI,        Metal: Billon

Reference: Al-mulk type, Rajgor 1115, Goron-D.382, 3.6 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-4

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: 1/2 TANKA,             Metal: Copper (and brass)

Date: 730 A.H

Reference: Rajgor 1132, Goron-D.410, 7.2 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-5

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: LEGAL DIRHAM,             Metal: Copper (and brass)

Date: 730 A.H

Reference: Rajgor 1130, Goron-D.414, 5.2 g Dar-u l-mulk Delhi Mint

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-6

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: 2 GANI,        Metal: Copper (and brass)

Reference: Sikka do gani type, Rajgor 1121,  Goron-D.422, 1.6 g

Rarity : SCARCE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-7

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: HASHT GANI (8 GANI)

Metal : Copper (and brass)

Reference: Adl hasht gani type, Rajgor 1122, Goron-D.421, 3.5-3.7 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-8

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: TANKA,            Metal: Copper (and brass)

Reference: Rajgor 1140, Goron-D.405, Mint: Darra Delhi, 9.2 g

Rarity : SCARCE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-9

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: TANKA,           Metal: Copper

Reference: Rajgor 1144, Goron-D.406, 9.2 g

Mint: Iqlim Tughluqpur ‘urf Tirhut

Rarity : SCARCE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-10

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: TANKA,            Metal: Copper

Reference: Rajgor 1137, Goron-D.401, 9.2 g

Mint: Takhtgah Daulatabad

Rarity : SCARCE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III/Coin-11

Ruler : Muhammad binTughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: TANKA,        Metal: Billon

Reference: Al-imam al-azam type, Rajgor 1170, Goron-D.433, Daulatabad mint 9.1 g

Rarity : RARE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III/Coin-12

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: FALS,       Metal: Copper

Reference: In the name of Khalifa Al-Hakim-ii, Rajgor 1147,

Goron-D.451, 3.4 g

Rarity : SCARCE

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-13

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: FALS (Coin of 32 rati)          Metal: Billon

Reference: In the name of Khalifa Al-Hakim-ii, Rajgor 1148, 1172. Goron-D.450, 3.6 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq)Muhammad-III /Coin-14

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: FALS,           Metal: Billon, (Date: 748 AH)

Reference: In the name of Khalifa Al-Hakim-ii, Rajgor 1173, Goron-D.446, 9.0 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Muhammad-III /Coin-15

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: 10 gani,            Metal: Billon (Date: 729 A.H)

Reference: Al-sultan al-adil type, Rajgor 1118, 1153  Goron-D.373, 3.5-3.7 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Muhammad-III /Coin-16

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: 6 GANI            Metal: Billon

Reference: Goron-D.377, 3.6 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Muhammad-III /Coin-17

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: FALUS, of 32 rati,            Metal: Copper

Reference: In the name of Khalifa Al-Mustakfi-i, Allah al Kafi type Rajgor 1146, Goron-D.437, 3.4 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Muhammad-III /Coin-18

Ruler : Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Period : A.H 725-752 / A.D 1325-1351

Denomination: TANKA,       Metal: Billon

Reference: In the name of Khalifa Al-Hakim-ii, Rajgor 1175,  Goron-D.448, 9.0 g

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Tughluq Kingdom after Muhammad bin Tughluq-III

Firuz Shah-III Tughluq

Born: 1309.

Father: Rajab Salar, brother of Sultan Ghiyath-al-Din Tughluq-I
Enthroned: 23 March 1351.

Died: 26 September 1388, in his bed. Buried: Hauz Khas, Delhi.

(3) FIRUZ SHAH-III TUGHLUQ

(S/o Rajab Salar)

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Firuz Shah-III /Coin-1

Ruler : Firuz Shah-III

Period : A.H 752-790 / A.D 1351-1388

Denomination: JITAL (FALUS) of 40 rati,      Metal: Copper

Reference: Malwa type, Rajgor 1249, Goron-D.493,  Dar-ul-Mulk Delhi, 4.5 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Firuz Shah-III /Coin-2

Ruler : Firuz Shah-III

Period : A.H 752-790 / A.D 1351-1388

Denomination: TANKA,           Metal: Billon (Date 785)

Reference: Amir al-mominin type, Rajgor 1256, Goron-D.476

Hadrat Delhi with the name of the caliph Abu Abd Allah al-Mutawakkil-I , 9.0 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Firuz Shah-III /Coin-3

Ruler : Firuz Shah-III

Period : A.H 752-790 / A.D 1351-1388

Denomination: Coin of 32 rati                 Metal: Billon

Reference: Khald mulk type, Rajgor 1261, Goron-D.483,

with the name of the caliph Abul Fath 3.5-3.6 g

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Firuz Shah-III/Coin-4

Ruler : Firuz Shah-III

Period : A.H 752-790 / A.D 1351-1388

Denomination: TANKA                 Metal: Billon (Date 767)

Reference: Amir al-mominin type, Rajgor 1264, Goron-D.474  adrat Delhi, 9.0 g

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Fath Khan

Fath Khan was appointed viceroy of eastern portion of the sultanate in AD 1359 and had been allowed to issue his own coin. The capital of this eastern portion was Jaunpur. He was there until his death in AD 1374; He was eldest son of Sultan Firuz Shah-III of Delhi.

 

(4) FATH KHAN

(Associated with his father Firuz-iii Tughluq, At JAUNPUR)

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Fath Khan /Coin-1

Ruler : Fath Khan

Period : A.H 759-790 / A.D 1358-1388

Denomination: TANKA,         Metal: Billon

Reference: Abd Allah type, Rajgor 1299, Goron-D.512,

With the name of the caliph Abd Abd Allah,  9.0 g

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(5) FIRUZ SHAH ZAFAR

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Firuz Shah Zafar /Coin-1

Ruler : Firuz Shah Zafar

Period : A.H 791 / A.D 1389

Denomination: FALUS of 40 rati,          Metal: Copper

Reference: Dar-ul-mulk type, Rajgor 1332, Goron-D.558,

Dar ul-Mulk Delhi, 4.3 g

Rarity : VERY RARE

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(6) MUHAMMAD BIN FIRUZ (As a king)

(Also known as Nasir-ud-din Muhammad IV)

(A.H 792-795 / A.D 1390-1392/3)

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5-Delhi Sultanate (c-Tughluq) Firuz Shah Zafar /Coin-1

Ruler : Muhammad Bin Firuz

Period : A.H 792-795 / A.D 1390-1392/3

Denomination: FALUS of 40 rati,        Metal: Copper

Reference: Dar-ul-mulK Delhi, Rajgor 1383, Goron-D.593,

Dar ul-Mulk Delhi, 4.4 g

Rarity : SCARCE

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Thane Series of Copper Coins

This round copper coin in the name of one or more Muhammad Shahs, have been known for some time but their attribution has been very uncertain. Recently a hoard of them was found in the Thane district of Maharashtra, although the legends remain uncertain, it is very likely that they were struck in that area (Thane, North Konkan) Some of the coins make reference to Muhammad bin Tughluq while the others merely read Muhammad Shah al-sultan, an thus could refer either to Muhammad bin Tughluq or the earlier Muhammad Khilji, both rulers had come to Deccan

THANE SERIES OF COPPER COINS

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5-Delhi Sultanate (b-Khilji or c-Tughluq) Muhammad Khilji or Muhammad bin Tughluq-III /Coin-1

Ruler : Muhammad Khilji or Muhammad bin Tughluq

Denomination: Round Half Paisa           Metal : Copper

Obverse: Muhammad Shah al-Sultan

Reverse: Dhu’l amn wa’l aman (possessor of peace and security)

Reference: Goron-MU.13, 2.2-2.6 g

Rarity: RARE

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