KALPI, KASHMIR, KHANDESH, MADURA

Saturday, December 3rd, 2011

SULTANATE

(Northern India)

11-KALPI SULTANATE

A.H 802-846 / A.D 1400-1443 (43 YEARS)

The small kingdom of Kalpi had developed out of the administrative district of Firuzpur, which Firuz Tughluq of Delhi had placed under the control of Malikzada Firuz. The Malikzada family had to leave Firuzpur and made their head quarter in Kalpi. After the invasion of Timur, Malikzada Firuz’s son, Mahmud assumed the insignia of royalty with the title Nasir-ud-din Shah in A.H 802 (A.D 1400) The only coins attributed to this sultanate are the copper ‘falus’ struck by Jalal-ud-din Fath Shah in A.H 841

The state were annexed by the Jaunpur and Malwa sultans in A.H 842 (A.D 1439)

FATHA-UD-DIN JALAL SHAH

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11-Kalpi Sultanate, Jalal Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Jalal Shah

Year : A.H 837-842 / A.D 1432-1439

Denomination: UNIT,       Metal: Copper

Reference: Rajgor 2761, Goron-KP.1, 4.6 g

Rarity : RARE

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SULTANATE

(Northern India)

12-KASHMIR SULTANATE

c A.H 747-994 / c A.D 1346-1586 (220 YEARS )

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Map of Kashmir Sultanate

IN the fourteenth century AD or 1346 A.D , Shah Mirza (or Shah Mir) an adventurer from Swat, became a minister to the ruling Hindu ruler Ranjan and eventually succeeded in usurping the throne around A.H 747 (A.D 1345/47) adopting the title Shams-ud-din Shah, and founded a Muslim Sultanate in Kashmir. The first coin was found of reign of Sikandar Shah (A.H 796-816 / A.D1393-1413) He was sixth ruler of Kashmir.

The State of Kashmir annexed by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in A.H 994 (A.D 1586) from then on, Kashmir become part of the Mughal Empire.

(1) SIKANDAR SHAH-I

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12-Kashmir Sultanate, Sikandar Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Sikandar Shah

Year : A.H 788-813 / A.D 1386-1410

Denomination: PUNCHSHI,          Metal: Copper

Reference: Al-sultan al-zaman type, Rajgor. 2773

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2) FATH SHAH

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12-Kashmir Sultanate, Fath Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Fath Shah

Year : A.H 888-898, 919-920, 923-926 /

A.D 1483-1493, 1513-1514, 1517-1520

Denomination: PUNCHSHI,         Metal: Copper

Reference: Rajgor.2841,Goron-k.59, 5-5.5 g

Rarity : SCARCE

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SULTANATE

(Northern India)

KHANDESH SULTANATE

The names of those sultans for whom coins are known ( * coin in collection)

1-* Nasir Shah AH 801 – 840 / AD 1399 – 1437

2-*  Bahadur Shah AH 1006 – 1009 / AD 1597 – 1601

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Map 0f Khandesh Sultanate

13-KHANDESH SULTANATE

The Khandesh was found in AD 1382 (A.H 784) by Malik Ahmad who had rebelled against the Bahmanid ruler Muhammad-I and had been forced to flee to Thalner. Firuz Tughluq had given him this area as his ‘Jagir’. During the period of Mahmud bin Muhammad Tughluq he declared his independence, giving himself the title Adil Khan. He died in A.D 1399 (A.H 802) He did not issue coins. But his son Nasir Shah (A.H 802-840 / A.D 1399-1437) issued the coins own his name.

At the beginning of A.D1601 (A.H 1009) both the last king Bahadur Shah and the citadel surrendered and Khandesh became part of the Mughal Empire.

NASIR SHAH

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13-Khandesh Sultanate, Nasir Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Nasir Shah

Year : A.H 801 – 840 / A.D 1399 – 1437

Denomination: HALF FALUS,      Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron-KH.2, 4.2 g

Rarity : VERY RARE

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13-Khandesh Sultanate, Nasir Shah /Coin-2

Ruler : Nasir Shah

Year : A.H 801 – 840 / A.D 1399 – 1437

Denomination: FALUS,          Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron-KH.1, 8.6-9 g

Rarity : VERY RARE

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BAHADUR SHAH

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13-Khandesh Sultanate, Bahadur Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Bahadur Shah

Year : A.H 1005-1009 / A.D 1596-1601

Denomination: 1/3 TANKA,           Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron-KH.5, 5.3-5.6 g

Rarity : VERY RARE

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13-Khandesh Sultanate, Bahadur Shah /Coin-2

Ruler : Bahadur Shah

Year : A.H 1005-1009 / A.D 1596-1601

Denomination: TANKA,        Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron-KH.3, 16.8-17.3 g

Rarity : VERY RARE

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13-Khandesh Sultanate, Bahadur Shah /Coin-3

Ruler : Bahadur Shah

Year : A.H 1005-1009 / A.D 1596-1601

Denomination: TANKA,       Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron-KH.3, 16.8-17.3 g

Rarity : VERY RARE (Variety, different calligraphy)

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SULTANATE

(Southern India)

14-MADURA OR MA’BAR SULTANATE

A.H 734-779 / A.D 1334-1377 (43 Years)

In the early fourteenth century AD Madura in the hands of the Pandyas and first came to the attention of the Sultans of Delhi during the reign of Ala-ud-din Muhammad Khilji (A.D1296-1316) A couple of decades later, the army of Muhammad bin Tughluq again invaded Madura and this time occupied it. He appointed as governor Sayyid Jalal-ud-din Ahsan of Kaithal. In A.D 1334 (A.H 734) Ahsan rebelled and declared his independence, giving himself the title Jalal-ud-din Ahsan Shah and issued the coins on his name.

In A.H 779 (A.D 1377-1378), the Madura Sultanate is believed to have been conquered by the kingdom of Vijayanagar under Bukka-I

GHIYAS-UD-DIN MUHAMMAD

DAMGHAN SHAH

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14-Madura Sultanate, Muhammad Damaghan /Coin-1

Ruler : Muhammad Damaghan

Year : A.H 740/1-745 / A.D 1340 – 1344

Denomination: TANKA,        Metal: Copper

Reference: Rajgor. 2934, Goron-MD.15, 3.5 g

Rarity: RARE.

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