MALWA SULTANATE & AMIRS OF SIND

Saturday, December 3rd, 2011

SULTANATE

(Central India)

15-MALWA SULTANATE

AH 794-968 / A.D 1392-1561 ( 169 YEARS )

MALWA SULTANATE

The names of those sultans for whom coins are known ( * coin in collection)

1-* Husam al-Din Hushang Shah AH 808 – 838 / AD 1405 – 1435

2-* Taj al-Din Muhammad Shah I AH 838 – 839 / AD 1435 – 1436

3-* Ala’ al-Din Mahmud Shah I Khalji AH 839 – 873 / AD 1436 – 1469

4-* Ghiyath Shah –  as Heir Apparent as Sultan AH 873 – 906 / AD 1469 – 1500

5-* Nasir Shah AH 906 – 916 / AD 1500 – 1510

6-* Mahmud Shah II AH 916 – 937 / AD 1510 – 1531

7-* Muhammad Shah II (pretender) AH 917 – 922 / AD 1511 – 1516

8-* Bahadur Shah of Gujarat AH 937 – 943 / AD 1531 – 1537

9-* Humayun (Mughal emperor)AH 941 – 942 / AD 1535 – 1536

10-* Qadir Shah (on behalf of Mahmud III of Gujarat ) AH 943 – 949 / AD 1537 – 1542

12- Sher Shah Suri (governor: Shuja’at Khan) AH 949 – 952 / AD 1542 – 1545

13- Islam Shah Suri (governor: ‘Isa Khan)AH 952 – 960 / AD 1545 – 1552

14- Muhammad ‘Adil Suri (governor: Shuja’at Khan) AH 960 – 962 / AD 1552 – 1555

15-* Baz Bahadur AH 963 – 968; 969 / AD 1555 – 1561/2

Comments: Coins of Malwa type were also struck in the names of Ibrahim Lodi of Dehli, and *Rana Sangrāma  There is also an enigmatic series of coins in the name of *Muhammad bin Muzaffar from years AH 962-964

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Map of Malwa Sultanate

MALWA SULTANATE

Malwa become independent of the Delhi sultanate following Timur’s invasion at the end of A.D 1398. The Governor of the province at that time was Dilawar Khan Gauri. When the Delhi sultan. Mahmud bin Muhammad, fled from his capital, Delhi. Dilawar Khan gave him asylum He never assumed the royal title nor struck coin in his own name, but was independent in all but name. His son Alp Khan, impatient to take over the reigns of power, had his father poisoned and, in A.D 1405 (A.H.808) ascended the throne under the title Husam al-din Hushang Shah. He struck coins on his name.

Akbar sent an army to Malwa, which defeated the last king of Malwa sultan Baz Bahadur who was forced to flee in to Gondwana. This was in A.D 1562 (A.H 969) and independent sultanate of Malwa had finally come to an end.

MALWA GHORIS

(1) HUSAM-UD-DIN HOSHANG SHAH (Alp Khan)

(S/o Dilawar Khan)

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Hoshang Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Hoshang Shah

Year : A.H 808-838 / A.D 1405-1435

Denomination: FALUS       Metal: Copper

Reference: Dar-ul-mulk type, Rajgor. 3001, Goron-M.6,

Dar al-Mulk Shadiabad, 3.3-4.6 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Hoshang Shah /Coin-2

Ruler : Hoshang Shah

Year : A.H 808-838 / A.D1405-1435

Denomination: 1/2 TANKA,         Metal: Copper

Reference: Same as above but mint mark Star,

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Hoshang Shah /Coin-3

Ruler : Hoshang Shah

Year : A.H 808-838 / A.D 1405-1435

Denomination: Tanka,      Metal: Silver      Date: 838 A.H

Reference: Abul al-mujahid type, Rajgor. 3003 10.8 g

Rarity: RARE.

* * * * * * * * * *

(2) TAJ-UD-DIN MUHAMMAD SHAH-1

(Ghazni Khan)

(S/o Hoshang Shah)

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Muhammad Shah-I /Coin-1

Ruler : Muhammad Shah-I

Year : A.H 838-839 / A.D 1435-1436

Denomination: FALUS         Metal: Copper

Reference: Dar-ul-mulk type, Rajgor.3012, Goron-M.16,

Dar al-Mulk Shadiabad, 4.4-4.6 g

Rarity: RARE.

* * * * * * * * * *

MALWA KHILJIS

(3) ALA-UD-DIN MAHMUD SHAH-I

(S/o Malik Mughees)

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-I /Coin-1

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-I

Year : A.H 839-873 / A.D 1436-1469

Denomination: 1/4 TANKA,         Metal: Copper,

Date: 86x A.H

Reference: Abul al-Muzffar type, Rajgor.3023, Goron-M.44, 2.5 g

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-I /Coin-2

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-I

Year : A.H 839-873 / A.D 1436-1469

Denomination: FALUS,        Metal: Copper,

Date: 874 A.H

Reference: Bahazarat shadiabad type, Rajgor.3024,

Goron-M.47, Hadrat Shadiabad, 3.2 g

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-I /Coin-3

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-I

Year : A.H 839-873 / A.D 1436-1469

Denomination: jital 32 rati,      Metal: Billon

Reference: Al-sultan al-azam type, Double circle, Rajgor.3026

Goron-M.40, Hadrat Shadiabad, 3.6 g

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-I /Coin-4

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-I

Year : A.H 839-873 / A.D 1436-1469

Denomination: FALUS,       Metal: Copper

Reference: Abu al-muzaffar type, Rajgor.3028 Goron-M.43,

Dar al-Mulk Shadiabad, 4.5 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-I /Coin-5

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-I

Year : A.H 839-873 / A.D 1436-1469

Denomination: DOUBLE FALUS,        Metal: Copper

Reference: Abu al-muzaffar type, Rajgor.3030, Goron-M.42,

Dar al-Mulk Shadiabad, 9-9.3 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-I /Coin-6

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-I

Year : A.H 839-873 / A.D 1436-1469

Denomination: TANKA,        Metal: Billon

Reference: Al haleem al-karim type, Rajgor.3034, Goron-M.32,

Hadrat Shadiabad, 10.5-11.0 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-I /Coin-7

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-I

Year : A.H 839-873 / A.D 1436-1469

Denomination: TANKA,       Metal: Billon

Reference: Al sultan al-adil type, Rajgor 3035, Goron-M.31, 12-12.3 g

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-I /Coin-8

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-I

Year : A.H 839-873 / A.D 1436-1469

Denomination: 1/4 TANKA,         Metal: Billon

Date : 848 A.H

Reference: As sultan zal allah fi al-rag type, Rajgor.3042, Goron-M.38,

Hadrat Shadiabad, 2.2 g

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-I /Coin-9

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-I

Year : A.H 839-873 / A.D 1436-1469

Denomination: TANKA,           Metal: Billon

Reference: Amir al-mominin type, Rajgor.3048,

Goron-M.36, Hadrat Shadiabad. 8.5-9.2 g

* * * * * * * * * *

(4) GHIYAS SHAH

(Eldest S/o Mahmud Shah-I)

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Ghiyas Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Ghiyas Shah

Year : A.H 873-906 / A.D 1469-1500

Denomination: 1/3 FALUS,        Metal: Copper

Date : – 64 A.H

Reference: Al-sultan bin as-sultan type, Rajgor.3073, Goron-M.96, 3.3 g

Rarity : RARE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Ghiyas Shah /Coin-2

Ruler : Ghiyas Sha

Year : A.H 873-906 / A.D 1469-1500

Denomination: 1/3 TANKA,          Metal: Copper

Reference: Al-sultan bin as-sultan type, Rajgor. 3074,  Goron-M.98, Mint mark star, 3 g

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Ghiyas Shah /Coin-3

Ruler : Ghiyas Shah

Year : A.H 873-906 / A.D 1469-1500

Denomination: 1/2 FALUS,        Metal: Copper

Reference: As-sultan ban al-sultan type, Rajgor. 3085

Goron-M.88, Mint mark, 4.4-4.6 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Ghiyas Shah /Coin-4

Ruler : Ghiyas Shah

Year : A.H 873-906 / A.D 1469-1500

Denomination: 1/2 FALUS,         Metal: Copper

Date : 878

Reference: Same as above but w/o Mint mark

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Ghiyas Shah /Coin-5

Ruler : Ghiyas Shah

Year : A.H 873-906 / A.D 1469-1500

Denomination: FALUS,        Metal: Copper

Reference: As-sultan bin as-sultan, Rajgor 3094, Goron-M.94  12.1 g

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Ghiyas Shah /Coin-6

Ruler : Ghiyas Shah

Year : A.H 873-906 / A.D 1469-1500

Denomination: 1/2 TANKA,         Metal: Silver

Reference: Al-washiq ba mulk type, Rajgor 3109,  Goron-M.76, 5-5.4 g

* * * * * * * * * *

(5) NASIR SHAH

(S/o Ghiyas Shah)

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Nasir Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Nasir Shah

Year : A.H 906-916 / A.D 1500-1510

Denomination: 1/8 TANKA ,       Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron-M113, 1.2 g

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Nasir Shah /Coin-2

Ruler : Nasir Shah

Year : A.H 906-916 / A.D 1500-1510

Denomination: 1/2 FALUS ,         Metal: Copper

Reference: Al-sultan bin as-sultan type. Type, Rajgor 3134.

Goron-M147,  Mint mark, 4.1-4.4 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Nasir Shah /Coin-3

Ruler : Nasir Shah

Year : A.H 906-916 / A.D 1500-1510

De Denomination: 1/2 FALUS,          Metal: Copper

Reference: Al-sultan bin as-sultan type, Rajgor 3135. 

Goron-M.144, With Mint mark, 5-5.5 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Nasir Shah /Coin-4

Ruler : Nasir Shah

Year : A.H 906-916 / A.D 1500-1510

Denomination: FALUS,           Metal: Copper

Reference: Al-sultan bin as-sultan type, Rajgor 3137. 

Goron-M.143 Mint mark, 10.5-11.3 g

* * * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Nasir Shah /Coin-5

Ruler : Nasir Shah

Year : A.H 906-916 / A.D 1500-1510

Denomination: 1/4 TANKA,          Metal: Silver

Reference: Al-sultan khald type, Rajgor 3141, Goron-M.112.7 g 

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

(6) SHIHAB-UD-DIN MAHMUD SHAH-ii

(S/o Nasir Shah)

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-II /Coin-1

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-ii

Year : A.H 916-937 / A.D 1510-1531

Denomination: 1/4 FALUS,         Metal: Copper

Reference: Al-sultan bin as-sultan type, Rajgor.3156,  Goron-M.175, 1.8-2.1 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-II /Coin-2

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-ii

Year : A.H 916-937 / A.D 1510-1531

Denomination: TANKA,         Metal: Copper,

Reference: Rajgor 3163, Goron-M.172, With Mint mark,  7.8-8.4 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-II /Coin-3

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-ii

Year : A.H 916-937 / A.D 1510-1531

Denomination: TANKA,          Metal: Copper,

Reference: Rajgor 3164, Goron-M.177, Mint mark, 8.5-9 g

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-II /Coin-4

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-ii

Year : A.H 916-937 / A.D 1510-1531

Denomination: TANKA,          Metal: Silver

Date: 922 AH

Reference: Al-washiq ba mulk type, Rajgor 3176,  Goron-M.159, 10.5-11 g

* * * * * * * * * *

(7) MUHAMMAD SHAH-ii

(Elder brother of Mahmud Shah-ii)

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Muhammad Shah-II /Coin-1

Ruler : Muhammad Shah-ii

Year : A.H 917-922 / A.D 1511-1516

Denomination: 1/4 FALUS,         Metal: Copper

Reference: Al-sultan bin as-sultan type, Rajgor 3181,  Goron-M.185 2.5 g

Rarity : RARE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Muhammad Shah-II /Coin-2

Ruler : Muhammad Shah-ii

Year : A.H 917-922 / A.D 1511-1516

Denomination: 1/2 FALUS,      Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron M-188, 8.5-8.8 g

Rarity : RARE

* * * * * * * * * *

Comments: Coins of Malwa type were also struck in the names of Ibrahim Lodi of Dehli. Rana Sangrāma of Mewar, Bahadur Shah of Gujrat, Humayun Shah of Mughal, Mahmud Shah III of Gujrat, Qadir Shah behalf of Mahmud-III of Gujrat. There is also an enigmatic series of coins in the name of Muhammad bin Muzaffar of Gujrat, from years AH 962-964.

RANA SANGRAM of MEWAR

After in A.D1518, (A.H 924) Rana Sangram had opportunity to occupy the fortress of Chanderi, and he succeeded in capturing Mahmud-II of Malwa and took him captive to Chitor, for limited period, before release him back to his throne.

(8) Coin struck in the name of

RANA SANGRAM SINGH of MEWAR

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Rana Sangram of Mewar /Coin-1

Ruler : Rana Sangram of Mewar

Year : A.H 915-934 / A.D 1509-1527

Denomination: 1/2 FALUS,             Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron M-270 Rana Sanga, 3.9-4.7 g

Rarity : RARE

* * * * * * * * * *

(9) Coin struck in the name of

BAHADUR SHAH Of GUJRAT

A.H 937-943 / A.D 1531-1537

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8-Gujrat Sultanate, Bahadur Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Bahadur Shah

Year : A.H 932-943 / A.D 1526-1536

Denomination: FALUS        Metal: Copper,

Reference: Rajgor 2312, Goron-M.209 (Malwa issue) 7.9 g

Rarity : RARE

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(10) Coin struck in the of the Mughal emperor

HUMAYUN SHAH

(S/o Emperor Babur)

A.H 941-942 / A.D 1535-1536

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Humayun (Mughal) /Coin-1

Ruler : Humayun (Mughal)

Year : A.H 941-942 / A.D 1535-1536

Denomination: TANKA,              Metal: Copper,

Date : 942 A.H

Reference: Goron M 213 Mandu, 9.1 g

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

(11) Coin struck in the name of

MAHMUD III of GUJRAT

A.H 944-949 / A.D 1537-1542

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8-Gujrat Sultanate, Mahmud Shah-III/Coin-1

Ruler : Mahmud Shah-iii

Year : A.H 943-961 / A.D 1536-1554

Denomination: FALUS,          Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron-M.221 (Malwa issue) 9.8-10.4 g

* * * * * * * * * * *

QADIR SHAH (Mallu Khan)

(on behalf of Mahmud-III of Gujrat)

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Qadir Shah /Coin-1

Ruler : Qadir Shah

Year : A.H 943-949 A.H / A.D 1537-1542

Denomination: TANKA,         Metal: Copper,

Reference: Rajgor 3192

* * * * * * * * * *

(12) Coin struck in the name of

MUHAMMAD (BIN MUZAFFAR of Gujrat)

A.H 962-964 / A.D 1555-1557

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Muhammad-I (Gujrat) /Coin-1

Ruler : Muhammad-I (Gujrat)

Year : A.H 962-964 / A.D 1555-1557

Denomination: Falus, 96 rati,        Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron M232, 10-10.4 g

Rarity: SCARCE.

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Muhammad-I (Gujrat) /Coin-2

Ruler : Muhammad-I (Gujrat)

Year : A.H 962-964 / A.D 1555-1557

Denomination: 1/2 Falus, 48 rati,         Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron M233, 5 g

Rarity: SCARCE.

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Muhammad-I (Gujrat) /Coin-3

Ruler : Muhammad-I (Gujrat)

Year : A.H 962-964 / A.D 1555-1557

Denomination: Falus, 64 rati,         Metal: Copper

Reference: Goron-M.234, 7.2 g

Rarity: SCARCE.

* * * * * * * * * *

(13) BAJ BAHADUR (Miyan Bayazid)

S/o Shuja’at Khan (The governor of Malwa

During Sher Shah Suri period)

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Baj Bahadur /Coin-1

Ruler : BAJ BAHADUR

Year : A.H 963-968/9 / A.D1555-1561/2

Denomination: 1/2 FALUS,           Metal: Copper,

Reference: Abu al-muzaffar type, Goron-M.249, 3.5 g.

Rarity : SCARCE

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Baj Bahadur /Coin-2

Ruler : Baj Bahadur

Year : A.H 963-968/9 / A.D 1555-1561/2

Denomination: TANKA,        Metal: Copper

Date : 96 – A.H,

Reference: Abu al-muzaffar type, Rajgor 3213, Goron-M.247  7.1-7.2 g

Rarity: SCARCE.

* * * * * * * * * *

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15-Malwa Sultanate, Baj Bahadur /Coin-3

Ruler : Baj Bahadur

Year : A.H 963-968/9 / A.D 1555-1561/2

Denomination: TANKA,          Metal: Copper

Date : 965 – A.H,

Reference: Abu al-muzaffar type, Rajgor 3212, Goron-M.245  7.3 g Mandu mint

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SULTANATE

(Northern India)

16-AMIRS OF SIND

AD 900-1030 / AH 288-422 (134 YEARS)

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Map of Amir of Sind

In ninth century AD, the two separate kingdoms were set up in Mansura and Multan (Pakistan) The ruler of Mansura is usually known as the Amir of Sind or Habbarids. Little is know about these rulers apart from the names of those that appear on the coins. Their dates and succession of rule are unknown.

The states of Amirs of Sind Annexed by the Ghurids under Muizz-ud-din Muhammad bin Sam.

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16-Amir of Sind /Coin-1-4

Rulers : UNKNOWN

Year : A.H 257-421 / A.D 870-1030

Denomination: DIRHAM,          Metal: Silver

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