THE DURRANIS, THE SIKHS, AWADH – - – - -

Saturday, December 3rd, 2011

SUCCESSORS OF THE MUGHALS

2- THE DURRANIS

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Ahmad Shah Abdali (or Durrani) Founder of Durrani Empire

It was established at Kandahar in 1747 by an Afghan military commander, Ahmad Shah Durrani. After the death of Ahmad Shah in about 1773, the Emir ship was passed onto his children. The Battle with The Maratha in 1761 at Panipath was the high point of Ahmad Shah’s-and Afghan-power. His successor was not power full, The Sikhs come to power and captured a large area of their tertiary. In about 1823 AD the kingdom of Durrani comes to an end.

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Successors-9: (During Mughal period) Durranis /Coin-1

Ruler : Mahmud Shah Durrani

Year : 1772-1793 A.D

Mint : Kashmir

Denomination: Paisa            Metal: Copper

Date : 1172 A.H

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Successors-10: (During Mughal period) Durranis /Coin-2

Ruler : QAISAR SHAH (At KABUL)

(1222-1223 A.H/1807-1808 A.D)

Year : A.H 1223

Mint : Kashmir

Denomination: RUPEE          Metal: Silver

Reference: KM-600

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3- THE SIKHS

 

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Maharaja Ranjit Singh

A Great king in The Sikh Dynasty

The Sikh Empire: was a state in the north-western part of the Indian Subcontinent (present-day India and Pakistan) from 1799 to 1849. Ranjit Singh was crowned on April 12, 1801. Ranjit Singh rose to power in a very short period, from a leader of a single Sikh misl to finally becoming the Maharaja of Punjab. After Ranjit Singh’s death in 1839, the empire was severely weakened by internal divisions and political mismanagement. This opportunity was used by the British Empire to launch the Anglo-Sikh Wars. The Sikh Empire was finally dissolved after a series of wars with the British at the end of the Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849 into separate princely states and the British province of Punjab and a Lieutenant Governorship was formed in Lahore as a direct representative of the British Crown

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Map of Sikh kingdom

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Successors-11: (During Mughal period) Sikh /Coin-1

Ruler : SHER SINGH

Year : 1840-1843 A.D              

Mint : Alwar

Denomination: Rupee,         Metal: Silver

Date: 1899 VS (1842 A.D)

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4- AWADH

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Map of Awadh Kingdom

Awadh traced their origins to Muhammad Amin, who had attached himself to the court of Muhammad Shah, the Mughal Emperor, early in the eighteenth century In 1720 Muhammad Amin was appointed Mughal Subehdar of Awadh, in which capacity he soon considerable measure of independence

Until 1819, after Ghazi-ud-din Haidar had been accept the title of King by British.

At the time of Wajid Ali Shah (Ah 1263-1272 / 1847-1856 AD) in 1856 Awadh was annexed by the British. Than the Kingdom Come to an end.

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Successors-12: (During Mughal period) Awadh /Coin-1

Ruler : GHAZIUDDIN HAIDAR

As Nawab 1230-1234 A.H /1814-1819 A.D

Mint : Lucknow

Denomination: Rupee,          Metal: Silver

Date : 1231 A.H R.Y : 26

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Successors: (During Mughal period) Awadh /Coin-2

Ruler : GHAZIUDDIN HAIDAR

As King 1234-1243 A.H / 1819-1827 A.D

Mint : Lucknow

Denomination: Rupee,             Metal: Silver

Date : 1240 A.H,          R.Y : 6

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Successors-13: (During Mughal period) Awadh /Coin-3

Ruler : NASIR-UD=DIN HAIDAR

A.H 1243-1253 / 1827-1837 A.D     

Mint : Lucknow

Denomination: Rupee,              Metal: Silver

Date : 1250 A.H,           R.Y : 7

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5- ROHILLAS

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Map of Rohhillas State

The founders of the Pashtun state of Rohilkhand were Daud Khan and his adopted son Ali Mohammed Khan. Daud Khan arrived in 1705 in South Asia

Mughal Emperor, Mohammed Shah to send an expedition against Ali Muhammad Khan and defeated him. In 1748, he returned to Rohilkhand and recovered his lost possessions. Later that year Ali Mohammed Ali Khan died. After 1857 AD Rohilkhand was plundered by British East India Company and at the end it was under the Nawab of Awadh.

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Successors-14: (During Mughal period) Rohilla /Coin-1

Ruler : Unknown, Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II (A.H 1167-1173 / A.D 1754-1759)

Denomination: Rupee,              Metal: Silver

Date : 1168          R.Y : 2

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Successors-14: (During Mughal period) Rohilla /Coin-1

Ruler : Unknown, Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II (A.H 1167-1173 / A.D 1754-1759)

Denomination: Rupee,         Metal: Silver

Date : 1168         R.Y : 2

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6- THE BANGASH NAWABS

(1714-1801 A.D)

The Bangash of Farrukhabad in India were the most adored tribe whose leader Mohammad Khan Bangash became Nawab of Farrukhabad during Mughal Emperor Farruksiar’s period.(A.H 1124-1131 / A.D 1713-1719) In 1857-58 War of Independence, Nawab Nyaz Khan Bangash s/o Nawab Sarbuland Khan Bangash was sentenced to death by the Britishers for siding with the mutineers. After some time The Bangash Nawab State come to an end.

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Successors-15: (During Mughal period) Bangash /Coin-1

Ruler : BANGASH Nawab, Mughal issue, in the name of Shah Alam-II

(A.H 1173-1221 / A.D 1759-1806)

Mint : Ahmadnagar Farruhabad

Denomination: Rupee            Metal: Silver

Date : X           R.Y : 31

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7- MYSORE

 

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TIPU SULTAN * * * * Map of Maysore Kingdom

Sultan Fateh Ali (Tipu Sultan) Born: 20 November 1750,

Place of birth: Devanahalli

Died: 4 May 1799, In the battle with the British,

Place of death: Srirangapattana, He also known as the Tiger of Mysore, was the de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. He was the first son of Hyder Ali (c. 1722–1782) by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. His full name is Sultan Fateh Ali Khan Shahab or Tipu Saheb, Tipu Sultan.

He ruled from 1782-1799

NOTE: Wodeyar Dynasty First rule 1399-1782

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Successors-16: (During Mughal period) Mysore /Coin-1

Ruler : Tipu Sultan (1782-1799 A.D)

Mint : Pattan

Denomination: Rupee           Metal: Silver

Date : 6121 M.E(1216)          R.Y : 6

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Kingdom: (During English period) Mysore /Coin-1

Ruler : Dewan Purniaya (Regent for Krishna Raja Wodeyar)

Year : 1214-1225 A.H / 1799-1810 A.D

Mint : Mysore

Denomination: X        Metal: Copper

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Kingdom: (During English period) Mysore /Coin-2

Ruler : Krishna Raja Wodeyar

Year : 1225-1285 A.H / 1810-1868 A.D

Mint : Mysore

Denomination: 20 cash        Metal: Copper

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8- PUDUKOTTAI

During the Sangam times, Pudukkottai had been ruled by the Chola kings. Later, it was under the occupation of an obscure people called the Kalabhrars. From the 6th to the 14th century AD, Pudukkottai was successively ruled by the Pallavas, Cholas and the Pandyas. When the Pandya kingdom was conquered by Malik Kafur, (a general of Alauddin Muhammad Shah Khilji (Delhi Sultanate)

Pudukkottai came under the rule of Muslim sultans who held power for about 50 years before being vanquished by the Vijayanagar kings. When the Vijayanagar kingdom disintegrated, Pudukkottai came under the rule of the Nayaks of Madurai. Pudukottai were in the time of Mughal period.

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Successors-17: (During English period) Pudukottai /Coin-1

Ruler : MARTANDA BHAIRAVA

Year : 1886-1928 A.D

Mint : Birmingham,

Denomination: 1/20 ANNA          Metal: Copper

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