THE MARATHAS & MARATHA MINTS

Saturday, December 3rd, 2011

SUCCESSORS OF THE MUGHALS

1-THE MARATHAS

1674 / 1818 A.D (143 YEARS)

 

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Maratha Empire (1758 A.D)

1-THE MARATHA RULERS

It existed from 1674 to 1818.The empire was founded and consolidated by Shivaji. After the death of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb it expanded greatly under the rule of the Peshwas. In 1761, the Maratha army lost the Third Battle of Panipat. Later, the empire was divided into a confederacy of Maratha states which eventually were lost to the British in the Anglo-Maratha wars by 1818.

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SHIVAJI MAHRAJ

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Empire of Marathas

Chatrapati Shivaji Mahraj

Born: in 1630

Father: Shahji Bhonsle

Crowned: 1674

Capital of kingdom: Raigarh (Thane District Maharashtra)

Died: 1680

Ruled for 6 years.

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Successors-1: (of the Mughals) Marathas /Coin-1

Ruler : SHIVAJI-I

Year : 1627-1680 A.D

Denomination: Paisa           Metal: Copper

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Chatrapati Sambhaji

Father: Chatrapati Shivaji

Crowned: 1680

Died: Sambhaji was captured by Mughal troops on 1 Feb, 1689, and was killed on March 11, 1689

Ruled for 9 years.

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Successors-2: (of the Mughals) Marathas /Coin-2

Ruler : Sambhaji (1680-1689)

Denomination: Paisa             Metal: Copper

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Successors-3: (of The Mughals) Marathas /Coin-3

Ruler: Shahaji (Baba Sahib)=Shahu Raja of Kolahpur (1821-1838)-

Year: 1234

Denomination: Paisa          Metal: Copper

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MARATHA CONFEDERACY

After January 14, 1761 at the Third Battle of Panipat. The Maratha was defeated by the hand of Ahmad Shah Abdali.

The part of confederacy was as follows

  • the Peshwas of Poona
  • the Gaekwads of Baroda
  • the Holkars of Indore and Malwa
  • the Scindias of Gwalior and Ujjain
  • Bhonsales of Nagpur
  • Even in the Maharashtra itself many knights were given semi-autonomous charges of small districts which led to princely states like Sangli, Aundh, Bhor, Bawda, Jat, Phaltan, Miraj etc.

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Successors-4: (of The Mughals) Marathas /Coin-4

Ruler : Peshwa. Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II

A.H 1167-1173 (A.D 1754-1759)

Denomination: Paisa           Metal: Copper

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Successors: (of The Mughals) Marathas /Coin-5

Ruler : Peshwa. (1713-1818)

Denomination: Paisa       Metal: Copper

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Successors: (of The Mughals) Marathas /Coin-6

Ruler : Peshwa. (1713-1818)

Denomination: Paisa        Metal: Copper

Mint : Nagpur, (Varity of Peshwa’s coin)

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Successors-5: (of The Mughals) Marathas /Coin-7

Ruler : Raja of Satara (Not known)

Denomination: Paisa            Metal: Copper

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Successors-6: (of The Mughals) Marathas /Coin-8

Ruler : KOLHAPUR (Not known) Mughal issue, In the name of Shah-Alam-II,

A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Denomination: Rupee,             Metal: Silver

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Successors: (of The Mughals) Marathas /Coin-9

Ruler : KOLHAPUR (Not known)

Denomination: Paisa,            Metal: Copper

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Successors-7: (of The Mughals) Marathas /Coin-10

Ruler : SINIOR MIRAJ (Not known)

Denomination: Paisa,             Metal: Copper

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Successors-8: (of The Mughals) Marathas Nagpur /Coin-11

Ruler : Raghoji Bhonsle (Nagpur) 1788-1816 A.D, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah-Alam-II,

A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Denomination: Paisa           Metal: Copper

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Successors: (of The Mughals) Marathas Nagpur /Coin-12

Ruler : Januji Bhonsle (Nagpur) 1753-1772 A.D, Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II

A.H 1167-1173 (A.D 1754-1759)

Denomination: Paisa             Metal: Copper (Square)

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MARATHA MINTS

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Maratha Mints-1: Ahmadabad /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, Akbar-ii

Mint : AHMDABAD

Denomination: Rupee,           Metal: Silver

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Mara tha Mints-2: Athni /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II

A.H 1167-1173 (A.D 1754-1759)

Mint : ATHNI

Date : X81 AH

Denomination: Rupee,         Metal: Silver

Reference: KM 70, Obverse Devnagari ‘ Ra ‘

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Maratha Mints: Athni /Coin-2

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II

A.H 1167-1173 (A.D 1754-1759)

Mint : ATHNI

Date : 1181 AH

Denomination: Rupee,          Metal: Silver

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Maratha Mints-3: Bagalkot /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II

A.H 1167-1173 (A.D 1754-1759)

Mint : BAGALKOT

Date: 1181 AH

Denomination: Rupee,           Metal: Silver

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Maratha Mints-4: Balwanth Nagar /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II

A.H 1167-1173 (A.D 1754-1759)

Mint : BALWANTH NAGAR (Jhansi)

Denomination: Rupee,          Metal: Silver

Date : 1172 A.H,        R.Y : 6

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Maratha Mints-5: Burhanpur /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah Alam-II A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Mint : BURHANPUR Dar -us- sarur

Denomination: Rupee,          Metal: Silver

Date : 1219 A.H

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Maratha Mints-6: Dicholi /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Aurangzeb. A.H.1068-1118 (A.D.1658-1707)

Mint : DICHOLI         

Denomination: Rupee,        Metal: Silver

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Maratha Mints-7: Jafarabad /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of

Shah-Alam-II, A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Mint : JAFARABAD

Denomination: Rupee,          Metal: Silver

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Maratha Mints-8: Kolhapur /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah

Alam-II, A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Mint : KOLHAPUR

Denomination: Rupee,           Metal: Silver

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Maratha Mints-9: Kora /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, Muhammad Shah (A.H 1131-1161 (A.D 1719-1748)

Mint : KORA

Denomination: Rupee,          Metal: Silver

Date : X            R.Y : 18

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Maratha Mints-10: Nagpur /Coin-1

Ruler : Nagpur (Not known) Mughal issue, Ahmad Shah Bahadur, A.H 1161-1167 (A.D 1748-1754)

Mint: NAGPUR

Denomination: Paisa           Metal: Copper

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Maratha Mints-11: Poona /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of

Shah-Alam-II, A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Mint : POONA

Denomination: Rupee,            Metal: Silver

Reference: KM 213 (120), Reverse mint mark Ankus

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Maratha Mints: Pune /Coin-2

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah

Alam-II, A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Mint : PUNE

Denomination: Rupee,            Metal: Silver

Date : 1236 AH (Date in Nagari numerals)

Reference: KM 214 (122), Reverse mint mark Ankus

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Maratha Mints: Pune /Coin-3

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah

Alam-II, A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Mint : PUNE

Denomination: Rupee, Metal: Silver

Date : 1231 AH (Date in Nagari numerals)

Reference: KM 217 (126), Reverse mint mark scissors

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Maratha Mints: Pune /Coin-4

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah

Alam-II, A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Mint : PUNE

Denomination: Rupee,           Metal: Silver

Reference: KM 218, Reverse mint mark Devnagari ‘Sree’

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Maratha Mints-12: Torgal /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, Muhammad Shah, A.H

Mint : SARKAR TORGAL

Denomination: Rupee,           Metal: Silver

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Maratha Mints-13: Surat /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, Ahmad Shah, A.H 1161-1167 (A.D 1748-1754)

Mint : SURAT  (in barbarous form)

Denomination: Rupee,           Metal: Silver

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Maratha Mints-14: Vaphgaun /Coin-1

Ruler : Maratha, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah

Alam-II, A.H 1175-1221 (A.D.1759-1806)

Mint : VAPHGAON

Denomination: Rupee,          Metal: Silver

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MARATHA PRINCELY STATES

DURING BRITISH PERIOD

BARODA

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Maratha Princely State-1: Baroda (Khande Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Khande Rao (AH 1273-1287 / 1856-1870 AD)

In the name of the Commander of the Sovereign Band (a title of the Gaekwar, ruler of Baroda)

Denomination: Paisa         Metal: Copper

Date : 1276 A.H

Reference: KM-7

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Maratha Princely State: Baroda (Malhar Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Malhar Rao (AH 1287–1292 / 1870-1875 AD)

Denomination: 2 Paisa           Metal: Copper

Date : 1289 A.H

Reference: KM-17

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Maratha Princely State: Baroda (Sayaji Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Sayaji Rao III (AH 1292-1357 / VS 1932-1995 / 1875-1938 AD)

Denomination: 2 Paisa          Metal: Copper

Date : 1947 A.H

Reference: KM-Y 32.2

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INDORE

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Maratha Princely State-2: Indore (Shivaji Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Shivaji Rao (VS 1943-1960 / FE1296-1313 / 1886-1903 AD)

Denomination: 1/4 ANNA         Metal: Copper

Date : VS 1943

Reference: KM-Y 32.4

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Maratha Princely State: Indore (Ahalya Bai)/Coin-1

Ruler : Ahalya Bai (AH 1179-1210 / 1765-1795 AD)

Denomination: Paisa          Metal: Copper

Date : 1203 AH

Reference: KM-54

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Maratha Princely State: Indore (Yeshwant Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Yeshwant Rao (VS 1983-2005 / 1926-1948 AD)

Denomination: 1/4 ANNA            Metal: Copper

Date : VS 1992

Reference: KM-50

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GAWALAIR

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Maratha Princely State-3: Gawalair (Jayaji Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Jayaji Rao (AH 1259-1304 / 1843-1886 AD)

Denomination: Paisa           Metal: Copper

Reference: KM-233

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Maratha Princely State: Gawalair (Jayaji Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Jayaji Rao (AH 1259-1304 / 1843-1886 AD)

Mint : Anonymous Issue

Denomination: Paisa         Metal: Copper

Date : VS1926

Reference: KM-143 (Y29)

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Maratha Princely State: Gawalair (Madho Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Madho Rao (VS 1943-1982 / 1886-1925 AD)

Denomination: Paisa            Metal: Copper

Date : VS 1957

Reference: KM-169 (Y46)

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Maratha Princely State: Gawalair (Jivaji Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Jivaji Rao (1925-1948 AD)

Denomination: 1/2 Paisa           Metal: Brass

Date : VS 1999

Reference: KM-179 (Y51)

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DEWAS JUNIOR BRANCH

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Maratha Princely State-4: Dewas(J.B) (Narayen Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler: Narayan Rao 1864-1892.AD

Denomination: 1/4 ANNA          Metal: Copper

Date: 1888 AD,

Reference: KM-3

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DEWAS SINIOR BRANCH

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Maratha Princely State-5: Dewas(S.B)(Krishnaji Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler: Krishnaji Rao 1850-1899 AD. in the name of Queen Victoria

Denomination: 1/4 ANNA                Metal: Copper

Date: 1888 AD,

Reference: KM-12

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DHAR

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Maratha Princely State-6: Dhar (Anand Rao)/Coin-1

Ruler : Anand Rao (AH 1276-1316 / 1860-1898 AD)

Denomination: Paisa            Metal: Copper

Date : 1289 AH

Reference: KM-6

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Maratha Princely State: Dhar (Anand Rao)/Coin-2

Ruler : Anand Rao (AH 1276-1316 / 1860-1898 AD)

In the name of Queen Victoria

Denomination: 1/4 ANNA            Metal: Copper

Date : 1887 AD

Reference: KM-13

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GUNA

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Maratha Princely State-7: Guna/Coin-1

Denomination: Paisa          Metal: Copper

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NARWAR

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Maratha Princely State-8: Narwar (Mahadji Rao) /Coin-1

Ruler: Mahadji Rao (AH 1175-1209 /1761-1794 AD) In the name of Shah Alam-II

Denomination: Rupee            Metal: Silver

Date: 12O6/34

Reference: Km-25.5

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