EAST INDIA COMPANY

Saturday, December 3rd, 2011

BRITISH INDIA

(1600-1947)

EAST INDIA COMPANY

On the last days of 1600 AD the company of the Merchants of London trading into East Indies, got the royal charter from Queen Elizabeth-I to monopoly for trade. In 1608 AD the English company made its first attempt to establish a factory in India. Than in 1618 East India Company got permission to establish a permanent factory at Surat and gradually in later years, it established factories at different parts of India. As in Madras, in Bengal, in Bombay, in Chinnapattanam, in Mussilipattanam and in other places. These East India Company traders gradually got involved in local politics and ultimately succeeded in becoming the rulers of India. Thus whole of India was under their control by 1834 AD. In 1857 AD the Indian People revolted (First war of Independence, Headed by Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar) against East India Company’s rule. But unfortunately Indian people defeated by British Company. After the war Queen Victoria of England took the power in her hand from East India Company. It resulted in transfer of power from East India Company to British Monarchy. This rule resulted in the end of East India Company in India and end of the Mughal kingdom. The struggle for Independence continued by people of India till they succeeded in 1947 AD, when India got independence from British rule.

EAST INDIA COMPANY

East India Company formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India, incorporated by royal charter on Dec. 31, 1600. Starting as a monopolistic trading body, the company became involved in politics and acted as an agent of British imperialism in India from the early 18th century to the mid 19th century. After 1857 Indian mutiny, crown of England took over the administration of India from East India Company and ruled India till it got independence in 1947.

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BENGAL PRESIDENCY

(Until 1836 A.D)

In 1633, a factory was established at Hariharpur, Mahanandi, Patna and Balasore and also in 1651 AD at Hoogli. In 1698 AD East India Company acquired a landed and a permanent fort was built at Calcutta in 1716 AD and was named as Fort Williams. At the same time it became independent Bengal Presidency. The East India company got the permission from the Napa of Bengal to mint their coins at Calcutta.

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bengal Presidency) /Coin-1

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah Alam-II

(A.H 1173-1221 / A.D 1759-1806)

Mint : Muhammadabad Banaras, R.Y 17, R.Y 49

Denomination: RUPEE,      Metal: Silver,

Date : 1229 A.H

Reference: KM 41

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SAYAYE FAZLE ELAH Couplet

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On British (E.I.C, Bengal Presidency) /Coin-1 and coin-2

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(Obverse Couplet)

SIKKA ZAD BAR HAFT KISHWAR SAYAYE FAZLE ELAH

HAMI-E-DINE MUHAMMAD, SHAH ALAM BADSHAH

Struck coin in the seven Climes, the shadow of the divine favor, the defender of the faith of Muhammad, the emperor Shah Alam

Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bengal Presidency) /Coin-1

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah Alam-II

(A.H 1173-1221 / A.D 1759-1806) R.Y.45

Mint : Farrukhabad

Denomination: RUPEE,      Metal: Silver,

Reference: KM 78

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bengal Presidency) /Coin-2

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah Alam-II

(A.H 1173-1221 / A.D 1759-1806) R.Y.19

Mint : Murshidabad

Denomination: RUPEE,      Metal: Silver,

Reference: KM 117

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bengal Presidency) /Coin-3

Ruler : East India Company

Year : (1831 A.D)

Denomination: PIE,      Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 58

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bengal Presidency) /Coin-4

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah Alam-

II (A.H 1173-1221 / A.D 1759-1806)

Year : (1831 A.D)

Denomination: PICE,      Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 57

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bengal Presidency) /Coin-5

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah Alam-II

(A.H 1173-1221 / A.D 1759-1806)

Year : (1820 A.D)

Denomination: TRISUL PICE,      Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 65

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East India Company

BOMBAY PRESIDENCY

In 1613, the English trading company got the permission from Mogul emperor Jeanie to establish a factory at Sutra. In 1668, Bombay was given to king Charles-II as a dowry from Portuguese, and King Charles soled the Bombay to East India Company. The head of this area is called as president and thus term Bombay presidency came in to existence. In 1716 A D Mogul Emperor Farrukhsiyar gave permission to East India Company to mint Moghul type coins. Actual minting of coins started in 1725 AD.

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-1

Ruler : East India Company

Denomination: BOMBAY PAISA,      Metal: Copper

Rarity : RARE

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-2

Ruler : East India Company

Year : (1791 A.D)

Denomination: 1/4 ANNA,      Metal: Copper

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-3

Ruler : East India Company Year : (18- A.D)

Denomination: 1/2 PICE (Dump),      Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 197

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-4

Ruler : East India Company Year : (1810 A.D)

Denomination: PICE (Dump),      Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 198

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-5

Ruler : East India Company Year : (18- A.D)

Denomination: 2 PICE (Dump),      Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 200

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-6

Ruler : East India Company

Year : (1880 AD / 1246 AHAH)

Deno : 1/4 ANNA ,      Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 231.1

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-7

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Muhammad Shah

(A.H 1131-1161 / A.D 1719-1748) R.Y.7

Mint : Mumbai Mint

Denomination: RUPEE ,      Metal: Silver

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-8

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Shah Alam-II

(A.H 1173-1221 / A.D 1759-1806)

Year : (1215 AH, Surat Mint)

Denomination: RUPEE ,      Metal: Silver,

Reference: KM 223

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-9

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Akbar-II

(AH 1221–1253 / 1806-1837 AD)

Year : (1243 AH, Ahmadabad Mint)

Denomination: 1/2 RUPEE ,      Metal: Silver,

Reference: KM 259

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-10

Ruler : East India Company

Year : (1833 A.D / 1248 AH)

Denomination: Pie, Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 261

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-11

Ruler : East India Company

Year : (1833 A.D / 1249 AH)

Denomination: 1/4 ANNA, Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 232

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Bombay Presidency) /Coin-12

Ruler : East India Company

Year : (1834 A.D / 1234 AH)

Denomination: 1/2 ANNA, Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 253

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East India Company

MADRAS PRESIDENCY

In 1611 A D East India Company established their first factory at Mussilipattanam in south India. In 1639 A D. E I C obtained permission to establish a factory at Chinnapattanam or Fort St. George from Raja of Chandrageri. This region comes to be known as Madras Presidency. English company got the permission to mint coins in 1742 AD in Arcot. But the actual minting of the coins started in 1758 AD.

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Madras Presidency) /Coin-1

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II

(A.H 1167-1173 / A.D 1754-1759) R.Y.6

Mint : Arcat

Denomination: RUPEE,      Metal: Silver

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Madras Presidency) /Coin-1 A

Ruler : East India Company, Mughal issue, In the name of Alamgir-II

(A.H 1167-1173 / A.D 1754-1759)

Date : 1819 AD

Mint : Da-ru-khilafat Shahjahanabad

Denomination: RUPEE,      Metal: Silver

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Indo-European: British (E.I.C, Madras Presidency) /Coin-2

Ruler : East India Company Year : (1825 A.D)

Denomination: 2 Pice,      Metal: Copper,

Reference: KM 429

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